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NameProjectTypeCompare
Kladno Sletiště (Sport Area): PED Winter StadiumCast Studies – Table View PED/PED relevant case study. Compare
Groningen, the Netherlands – PED SouthCast Studies – Table View Ped Lab
Groningen, the Netherlands – PED NorthCast Studies – Table View Ped Lab Compare
Maia, Sobreiro Social HousingCast Studies – Table View Ped Lab Compare
Lubia (Soria), CEDER-CIEMATCast Studies – Table View Ped Lab Compare
Tampere ,Ilokkaanpuisto districtCast Studies – Table View PED/PED relevant case study. Compare
Leon, Former Sugar Factory districtCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Istanbul, Kadikoy district – CaferagaCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Espoo, Leppävaara district – Sello centerCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Espoo, Espoonlahti district – Lippulaiva blockCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Salzburg, Geneis DistrictCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Barcelona, Santa Coloma de GramenetCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Tartu, City centre areaCast Studies – Table View PED/PED relevant case study. / Ped Lab Compare
Bologna, Pilastro-Roveri districtCast Studies – Table View PED/PED relevant case study. Compare
Barcelona, SEILAB & Energy SmartLabCast Studies – Table View Ped Lab Compare
Leipzig, Baumwollspinnerei districtCast Studies – Table View Ped Case Study Compare
Municipality of Kifissia, Energy communityCast Studies – Table ViewCompare
Export All Entries
TitleGroningen, the Netherlands - PED South
A1P001: Name of the PED case study / PED Lab
A1P001: Name of the PED case study / PED LabGroningen, the Netherlands - PED South
A1P002: Map / aerial view / photos / graphic details / leaflet
A1P002: Map / aerial view / photos / graphic details / leafletImage 1
Image 2
A1P003: Categorisation of the PED site
PED case study
PED relevant case study
PED Lab.PED Lab.
A1P004: Targets of the PED case study / PED Lab
Climate neutralityClimate neutrality
Annual energy surplusAnnual energy surplus
Energy communityEnergy community
CircularityCircularity
Air quality and urban comfort
Electrification
Net-zero energy cost
Net-zero emissionNet-zero emission
Self-sufficiency (energy autonomous)
Maximise self-sufficiency
Other
Other (A1P004)
A1P005: Phase of the PED case study / PED Lab
A1P005: Project Phase of your case study/PED LabImplementation Phase
A1P006: Start Date
A1P006: Start date12/18
A1P007: End Date
A1P007: End date12/23
A1P008: Reference Project
A1P008: Reference Project
A1P009: Data availability
A1P009: Data availability["Monitoring data available within the districts","Open data city platform \u2013 different dashboards","GIS open datasets"]
A1P009: Other
A1P010: Sources
Any publication, link to website, deliverable referring to the PED/PED Laba:2:{i:0;s:15:"TNO, Hanze, RUG";i:1;s:14:"Ped noord book";}
A1P011: Geographic coordinates
X Coordinate (longitude):6.590655
Y Coordinate (latitude):53.204087
A1P012: Country
A1P012: CountryNetherlands
A1P013: City
A1P013: CityGroningen
A1P014: Climate Zone (Köppen Geiger classification).
A1P014: Climate Zone (Köppen Geiger classification).Cfa
A1P015: District boundary
A1P015: District boundaryFunctional
Other
A1P016: Ownership of the case study/PED Lab:
A1P016: Ownership of the case study/PED Lab:Mixed
A1P017: Ownership of the land / physical infrastructure:
A1P017: Ownership of the land / physical infrastructure:Multiple Owners
A1P018: Number of buildings in PED
A1P018: Number of buildings in PED4
A1P019: Conditioned space
A1P019: Conditioned space7.86
A1P020: Total ground area
A1P020: Total ground area45.093
A1P021: Floor area ratio: Conditioned space / total ground area
A1P021: Floor area ratio: Conditioned space / total ground area0
A1P022: Financial schemes
A1P022a: Financing - PRIVATE - Real estateFinancing - PRIVATE - Real estate
A1P022a: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022b: Financing - PRIVATE - ESCO scheme
A1P022b: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022c: Financing - PRIVATE - OtherFinancing - PRIVATE - Other
A1P022c: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022d: Financing - PUBLIC - EU structural funding
A1P022d: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022e: Financing - PUBLIC - National fundingFinancing - PUBLIC - National funding
A1P022e: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022f: Financing - PUBLIC - Regional funding
A1P022f: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022g: Financing - PUBLIC - Municipal fundingFinancing - PUBLIC - Municipal funding
A1P022g: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022h: Financing - PUBLIC - Other
A1P022h: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022i: Financing - RESEARCH FUNDING - EUFinancing - RESEARCH FUNDING - EU
A1P022i: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022j: Financing - RESEARCH FUNDING - National
A1P022j: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022k: Financing - RESEARCH FUNDING - Local/regional
A1P022k: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022l: Financing - RESEARCH FUNDING - Other
A1P022l: Add the value in EUR if available
A1P022: Other
A1P023: Economic Targets
A1P023: Economic Targets
A1P023: Other
A1P024: More comments:
A1P024: More comments:
A1P025: Estimated PED case study / PED LAB costs
A1P025: Estimated PED case study / PED LAB costs
Contact person for general enquiries
A1P026: NameJasper Tonen, Elisabeth Koops
A1P027: OrganizationMunicipality of Groningen
A1P028: AffiliationMunicipality / Public Bodies
A1P028: Other
A1P029: EmailJasper.tonen@groningen.nl
Contact person for other special topics
A1P030: Name
A1P031: Email
Pursuant to the General Data Protection Regulation: Do you agree to have the information disclosed in this form, processed, stored and made publicly available by the COST Action PED-EU-NET? The names and contact information (name of the contact person, contact-email of the contact person, name of the project manager and contact e-mail of the project manager) may be used by PED-EU-NET members and external partners (Annex 83 and JPI UE) for further clarifications and updates. It is not possible to continue without providing consent.
Pursuant to the General Data Protection RegulationYes
A2P001: Fields of application
A2P001: Fields of applicationEnergy efficiency
A2P001: Other
A2P002: Tools/strategies/methods applied for each of the above-selected fields
A2P002: Tools/strategies/methods applied for each of the above-selected fieldsEnergy efficiency: - buildings energy retrofit supported by tax bonuses - replacing heat supply technologies Energy production: - installation of new (PV) systems for renewable on-site energy production; - presence of a large PV plant in the South East (2 solar parks: 12MW and 107MW) and North area (0,4 MW) Energy flexibility: - energy storage solutions, battery storage and possible hydrogen production - GRID balancing services E-mobility - Installation of new charging stations for electric vehicles; Urban Management - make use of the organizational structure Waste Management - circular use of municipal waste streams
A2P003: Application of ISO52000
A2P003: Application of ISO52000No
A2P004: Appliances included in the calculation of the energy balance
A2P004: Appliances included in the calculation of the energy balanceNo
A2P005: Mobility included in the calculation of the energy balance
A2P005: Mobility included in the calculation of the energy balanceNo
A2P006: Description of how mobility is included (or not included) in the calculation
A2P006: Description of how mobility is included (or not included) in the calculationMobility, till now, is not included in the energy model.
A2P007: Annual energy demand in buildings / Thermal demand
A2P007: Annual energy demand in buildings / Thermal demand1.86
A2P008: Annual energy demand in buildings / Electric Demand
A2P008: Annual energy demand in buildings / Electric Demand1.45
A2P009: Annual energy demand for e-mobility
A2P009: Annual energy demand for e-mobility
A2P010: Annual energy demand for urban infrastructure
A2P010: Annual energy demand for urban infrastructure
A2P011: Annual renewable electricity production on-site during target year
A2P011: PV
A2P011: PV - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P011: Wind
A2P011: Wind - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P011: Hydro
A2P011: Hydro - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P011: Biomass_el
A2P011: Biomass_el - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P011: Biomass_peat_el
A2P011: Biomass_peat_el - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P011: PVT_el
A2P011: PVT_el - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P011: Other
A2P011: Other - specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Annual renewable thermal production on-site during target year
A2P012: GeothermalGeothermal
A2P012 - Geothermal: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Solar ThermalSolar Thermal
A2P012 - Solar Thermal: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Biomass_heatBiomass_heat
A2P012 - Biomass_heat: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Waste heat+HPWaste heat+HP
A2P012 - Waste heat+HP: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Biomass_peat_heat
A2P012 - Biomass_peat_heat: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: PVT_thPVT_th
A2P012 - PVT_th: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Biomass_firewood_th
A2P012 - Biomass_firewood_th: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P012: Other
A2P012 - Other: Please specify production in GWh/annum
A2P013: Renewable resources on-site - Additional notes
A2P013: Renewable resources on-site - Additional notesGeothermal heatpump systems, Waste heat from data centers
A2P014: Annual energy use
A2P014: Annual energy use
A2P015: Annual energy delivered
A2P015: Annual energy delivered
A2P016: Annual non-renewable electricity production on-site during target year
A2P016: Annual non-renewable electricity production on-site during target year
A2P017: Annual non-renewable thermal production on-site during target year
A2P017: Gas
A2P017 - Gas: Annual non-renewable thermal production on-site during target year
A2P017: Coal
A2P017 - Coal: Annual non-renewable thermal production on-site during target year
A2P017: Oil
A2P017 - Oil: Annual non-renewable thermal production on-site during target year
A2P017: Other
A2P017 - Other: Annual non-renewable thermal production on-site during target year
A2P018: Annual renewable electricity imports from outside the boundary during target year
A2P018: PV
A2P018 - PV: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P018: Wind
A2P018 - Wind: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P018: Hydro
A2P018 - Hydro: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P018: Biomass_el
A2P018 - Biomass_el: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P018: Biomass_peat_el
A2P018 - Biomass_peat_el: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P018: PVT_el
A2P018 - PVT_el: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P018: Other
A2P018 - Other: specify production in GWh/annum if available
A2P019: Annual renewable thermal imports from outside the boundary during target year
A2P019: Geothermal
A2P019 Geothermal: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: Solar Thermal
A2P019 Solar Thermal: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: Biomass_heat
A2P019 Biomass_heat: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: Waste heat+HP
A2P019 Waste heat+HP: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: Biomass_peat_heat
A2P019 Biomass_peat_heat: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: PVT_th
A2P019 PVT_th: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: Biomass_firewood_th
A2P019 Biomass_firewood_th: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P019: Other
A2P019 Other: Please specify imports in GWh/annum
A2P020: Share of RES on-site / RES outside the boundary
A2P020: Share of RES on-site / RES outside the boundary0
A2P021: GHG-balance calculated for the PED
A2P021: GHG-balance calculated for the PED
A2P022: KPIs related to the PED case study / PED Lab
A2P022: Safety & Security
A2P022: Health
A2P022: Education
A2P022: Mobility
A2P022: Energy
A2P022: Water
A2P022: Economic development
A2P022: Housing and Community
A2P022: Waste
A2P022: Other
A2P023: Technological Solutions / Innovations - Energy Generation
A2P023: PhotovoltaicsPhotovoltaics
A2P023: Solar thermal collectorsSolar thermal collectors
A2P023: Wind Turbines
A2P023: Geothermal energy systemGeothermal energy system
A2P023: Waste heat recoveryWaste heat recovery
A2P023: Waste to energyWaste to energy
A2P023: Polygeneration
A2P023: Co-generation
A2P023: Heat PumpHeat Pump
A2P023: Hydrogen
A2P023: Hydropower plant
A2P023: Biomass
A2P023: Biogas
A2P023: Other
A2P024: Technological Solutions / Innovations - Energy Flexibility
A2P024: A2P024: Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)
A2P024: Energy management systemEnergy management system
A2P024: Demand-side management
A2P024: Smart electricity grid
A2P024: Thermal StorageThermal Storage
A2P024: Electric StorageElectric Storage
A2P024: District Heating and CoolingDistrict Heating and Cooling
A2P024: Smart metering and demand-responsive control systemsSmart metering and demand-responsive control systems
A2P024: P2P – buildings
A2P024: Other
A2P025: Technological Solutions / Innovations - Energy Efficiency
A2P025: Deep Retrofitting
A2P025: Energy efficiency measures in historic buildingsEnergy efficiency measures in historic buildings
A2P025: High-performance new buildingsHigh-performance new buildings
A2P025: Smart Public infrastructure (e.g. smart lighting)Smart Public infrastructure (e.g. smart lighting)
A2P025: Urban data platformsUrban data platforms
A2P025: Mobile applications for citizens
A2P025: Building services (HVAC & Lighting)
A2P025: Smart irrigation
A2P025: Digital tracking for waste disposal
A2P025: Smart surveillance
A2P025: Other
A2P026: Technological Solutions / Innovations - Mobility
A2P026: Efficiency of vehicles (public and/or private)
A2P026: Measures to reduce traffic volume (e.g. measure to support public transportation, shared mobility, measure to reduce journeys and distances)
A2P026: e-Mobilitye-Mobility
A2P026: Soft mobility infrastructures and last mile solutions
A2P026: Car-free area
A2P026: Other
A2P027: Mobility strategies - Additional notes
A2P027: Mobility strategies - Additional notes
A2P028: Energy efficiency certificates
A2P028: Energy efficiency certificatesYes
A2P028: If yes, please specify and/or enter notesEnergy Performance Certificate
A2P029: Any other building / district certificates
A2P029: Any other building / district certificates
A2P029: If yes, please specify and/or enter notes
A3P001: Relevant city /national strategy
A3P001: Relevant city /national strategy
A3P002: Quantitative targets included in the city / national strategy
A3P002: Quantitative targets included in the city / national strategy
A3P003: Strategies towards decarbonization of the gas grid
A3P003: Strategies towards decarbonization of the gas gridElectrification of Heating System based on Heat Pumps
A3P003: Other
A3P004: Identification of needs and priorities
A3P004: Identification of needs and priorities
A3P005: Sustainable behaviour
A3P005: Sustainable behaviourIn Groningen we are working with different sustainable behaviours approaches and also developed the Unified Citizen Engagement Approach (UCEA). Currently, there are two different approaches in use in the municipality of Groningen: the District energy approach (Wijkgerichte aanpak, developed by the Municipality of Groningen) and the Cooperative approach (Coöperative Aanpak, developed by Grunneger Power). Based upon those approaches and knowledge that is gained through social research executed by TNO and HUAS the new Unified Citizen Engagement Approach (UCEA) has been developed.
A3P006: Economic strategies
A3P006: Economic strategies
A3P006: Other
A3P007: Social models
A3P007: Social modelsStrategies towards (local) community-building
A3P007: Other
A3P008: Integrated urban strategies
A3P008: Integrated urban strategiesStrategic urban planning
A3P008: Other
A3P009: Environmental strategies
A3P009: Environmental strategiesEnergy Neutral
A3P009: Other
A3P010: Legal / Regulatory aspects
A3P010: Legal / Regulatory aspectsAt national/regional/local level a legislation on PEDs development is not yet available in the Netherlands. There will be a new Environmental Act and Heat Act in the nearby future. We are working on a paper about the current legal barriers, which are in short for Groningen:  Lack of legal certainty and clarity with regard to the energy legislation.  Lack of coherence between policy and legislation from different ministries.  The planned revision of the Dutch Heat Law prevents Groningen from effectively realizing sustainable heat transition plans and goals.  Lack of capacity on the distribution grid for electricity
B1P001: PED/PED relevant concept definition
B1P001: PED/PED relevant concept definition
B1P002: Motivation behind PED/PED relevant project development
B1P002: Motivation behind PED/PED relevant project development
B1P003: Environment of the case study area
B2P003: Environment of the case study area
B1P004: Type of district
B2P004: Type of district
B1P005: Case Study Context
B1P005: Case Study Context
B1P006: Year of construction
B1P006: Year of construction
B1P007: District population before intervention - Residential
B1P007: District population before intervention - Residential
B1P008: District population after intervention - Residential
B1P008: District population after intervention - Residential
B1P009: District population before intervention - Non-residential
B1P009: District population before intervention - Non-residential
B1P010: District population after intervention - Non-residential
B1P010: District population after intervention - Non-residential
B1P011: Population density before intervention
B1P011: Population density before intervention0
B1P012: Population density after intervention
B1P012: Population density after intervention0
B1P013: Building and Land Use before intervention
B1P013: Residential
B1P013 - Residential: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Office
B1P013 - Office: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Industry and Utility
B1P013 - Industry and Utility: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Commercial
B1P013 - Commercial: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Institutional
B1P013 - Institutional: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Natural areas
B1P013 - Natural areas: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Recreational
B1P013 - Recreational: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Dismissed areas
B1P013 - Dismissed areas: Specify the sqm
B1P013: Other
B1P013 - Other: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Building and Land Use after intervention
B1P014: Residential
B1P014 - Residential: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Office
B1P014 - Office: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Industry and Utility
B1P014 - Industry and Utility: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Commercial
B1P014 - Commercial: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Institutional
B1P014 - Institutional: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Natural areas
B1P014 - Natural areas: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Recreational
B1P014 - Recreational: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Dismissed areas
B1P014 - Dismissed areas: Specify the sqm
B1P014: Other
B1P014 - Other: Specify the sqm
B2P001: PED Lab concept definition
B2P001: PED Lab concept definitionGroningen was selected as Lighthouse City for the MAKING-CITY project. MAKING-CITY is a 60-month Horizon 2020 project launched in December 2018. It aims to address and demonstrate the urban energy system transformation towards smart and low-carbon cities, based on the Positive Energy District (PED) concept. The PED operational models developed in MAKING-CITY will help European and other cities around the world to adopt a long-term City Vision 2050 for energy transition and sustainable urbanisation whilst turning citizens into actors of this transformation. Groningen works with two PED districts in two completely different neighbourhoods in terms of structure and buildings. This is why we see this as a lab: to see wat works and what doesn’t. In order to be able to implement this in the rest of the city.
B2P002: Installation life time
B2P002: Installation life timeThe MAKING-CITY project lasts from November 2018 – November 2023. By that time PED North and PED South East are a fact.
B2P003: Scale of action
B2P003: ScaleDistrict
B2P004: Operator of the installation
B2P004: Operator of the installationThe Municipality of Groningen is Manager of the lab but works closely with other parties such as the university, university of applied sciences, research institute TNO and several other parties.
B2P005: Replication framework: Applied strategy to reuse and recycling the materials
B2P005: Replication framework: Applied strategy to reuse and recycling the materialsGroningen does not have a strategy to reuse and recyle materials
B2P006: Circular Economy Approach
B2P006: Do you apply any strategy to reuse and recycling the materials?No
B2P006: Other
B2P007: Motivation for developing the PED Lab
B2P007: Motivation for developing the PED Lab
B2P007: Other
B2P008: Lead partner that manages the PED Lab
B2P008: Lead partner that manages the PED LabMunicipality
B2P008: Other
B2P009: Collaborative partners that participate in the PED Lab
B2P009: Collaborative partners that participate in the PED LabAcademia
B2P009: Otherresearch companies, monitoring company, ict company
B2P010: Synergies between the fields of activities
B2P010: Synergies between the fields of activities
B2P011: Available facilities to test urban configurations in PED Lab
B2P011: Available facilities to test urban configurations in PED LabBuildings
B2P011: Other
B2P012: Incubation capacities of PED Lab
B2P012: Incubation capacities of PED Lab
B2P013: Availability of the facilities for external people
B2P013: Availability of the facilities for external people
B2P014: Monitoring measures
B2P014: Monitoring measuresExecution plan
B2P015: Key Performance indicators
B2P015: Key Performance indicatorsEnergy
B2P016: Execution of operations
B2P016: Execution of operations
B2P017: Capacities
B2P017: Capacities
B2P018: Relations with stakeholders
B2P018: Relations with stakeholders
B2P019: Available tools
B2P019: Available toolsEnergy modelling
B2P019: Available tools
B2P020: External accessibility
B2P020: External accessibility
C1P001: Unlocking Factors
C1P001: Recent technological improvements for on-site RES production3
C1P001: Innovative, integrated, prefabricated packages for buildings envelope / Energy efficiency of building stock3
C1P001: Energy Communities, P2P, Prosumers concepts4
C1P001: Storage systems and E-mobility market penetration4
C1P001: Decreasing costs of innovative materials5
C1P001: Financial mechanisms to reduce costs and maximize benefits5
C1P001: The ability to predict Multiple Benefits3
C1P001: The ability to predict the distribution of benefits and impacts3
C1P001: Citizens improved awareness and engagement on sustainable energy issues (bottom-up)5
C1P001: Social acceptance (top-down)3
C1P001: Improved local and national policy frameworks (i.e. incentives, laws etc.)4
C1P001: Presence of integrated urban strategies and plans3
C1P001: Multidisciplinary approaches available for systemic integration2
C1P001: Availability of grants (from EC or other donors) to finance the PED Lab projects3
C1P001: Availability of RES on site (Local RES)4
C1P001: Ongoing or established collaboration on Public Private Partnership among key stakeholders3
C1P001: Any other UNLOCKING FACTORS1
C1P001: Any other UNLOCKING FACTORS (if any)
C1P002: Driving Factors
C1P002: Climate Change adaptation need2
C1P002: Climate Change mitigation need (local RES production and efficiency)3
C1P002: Rapid urbanization trend and need of urban expansions1
C1P002: Urban re-development of existing built environment4
C1P002: Economic growth need2
C1P002: Improved local environmental quality (air, noise, aesthetics, etc.)1
C1P002: Territorial and market attractiveness2
C1P002: Energy autonomy/independence2
C1P002: Any other DRIVING FACTOR4
C1P002: Any other DRIVING FACTOR (if any)Earthquakes due to gas extraction
C1P003: Administrative barriers
C1P003: Difficulty in the coordination of high number of partners and authorities3
C1P003: Lack of good cooperation and acceptance among partners3
C1P003: Lack of public participation1
C1P003: Lack of institutions/mechanisms to disseminate information2
C1P003:Long and complex procedures for authorization of project activities4
C1P003: Time consuming requirements by EC or other donors concerning reporting and accountancy4
C1P003: Complicated and non-comprehensive public procurement3
C1P003: Fragmented and or complex ownership structure4
C1P003: City administration & cross-sectoral attitude/approaches (silos)5
C1P003: Lack of internal capacities to support energy transition1
C1P003: Any other Administrative BARRIER1
C1P003: Any other Administrative BARRIER (if any)
C1P004: Policy barriers
C1P004: Lack of long-term and consistent energy plans and policies1
C1P004: Lacking or fragmented local political commitment and support on the long term1
C1P004: Lack of Cooperation & support between national-regional-local entiies2
C1P004: Any other Political BARRIER1
C1P004: Any other Political BARRIER (if any)
C1P005: Legal and Regulatory barriers
C1P005: Inadequate regulations for new technologies4
C1P005: Regulatory instability3
C1P005: Non-effective regulations3
C1P005: Unfavorable local regulations for innovative technologies3
C1P005: Building code and land-use planning hindering innovative technologies1
C1P005: Insufficient or insecure financial incentives3
C1P005: Unresolved privacy concerns and limiting nature of privacy protection regulation2
C1P005: Shortage of proven and tested solutions and examples2
C1P005: Any other Legal and Regulatory BARRIER1
C1P005: Any other Legal and Regulatory BARRIER (if any)
C1P006: Environmental barriers
C1P006: Environmental barriers
C1P007: Technical barriers
C1P007: Lack of skilled and trained personnel4
C1P007: Deficient planning2
C1P007: Retrofitting work in dwellings in occupied state2
C1P007: Lack of well-defined process3
C1P007: Inaccuracy in energy modelling and simulation4
C1P007: Lack/cost of computational scalability1
C1P007: Grid congestion, grid instability4
C1P007: Negative effects of project intervention on the natural environment1
C1P007: Energy retrofitting work in dense and/or historical urban environment3
C1P007: Difficult definition of system boundaries1
C1P007: Any other Thecnical BARRIER1
C1P007: Any other Thecnical BARRIER (if any)
C1P008: Social and Cultural barriers
C1P008: Inertia2
C1P008: Lack of values and interest in energy optimization measurements3
C1P008: Low acceptance of new projects and technologies2
C1P008: Difficulty of finding and engaging relevant actors2
C1P008: Lack of trust beyond social network4
C1P008: Rebound effect2
C1P008: Hostile or passive attitude towards environmentalism1
C1P008: Exclusion of socially disadvantaged groups5
C1P008: Non-energy issues are more important and urgent for actors4
C1P008: Any other Social BARRIER1
C1P008: Hostile or passive attitude towards energy collaboration2
C1P008: Any other Social BARRIER (if any)
C1P009: Information and Awareness barriers
C1P009: Insufficient information on the part of potential users and consumers3
C1P009: Perception of interventions as complicated and expensive, with negative socio-economic or environmental impacts3
C1P009: Lack of awareness among authorities2
C1P009: Information asymmetry causing power asymmetry of established actors3
C1P009: High costs of design, material, construction, and installation4
C1P009: Any other Information and Awareness BARRIER1
C1P009: Any other Information and Awareness BARRIER (if any)
C1P010: Financial barriers
C1P010: Hidden costs2
C1P010: Insufficient external financial support and funding for project activities3
C1P010: Economic crisis1
C1P010: Risk and uncertainty3
C1P010: Lack of consolidated and tested business models3
C1P010: Limited access to capital and cost disincentives2
C1P010: Any other Financial BARRIER1
C1P010: Any other Financial BARRIER (if any)
C1P011: Market barriers
C1P011: Split incentives5
C1P011: Energy price distortion4
C1P011: Energy market concentration, gatekeeper actors (DSOs)4
C1P011: Any other Market BARRIER1
C1P011: Any other Market BARRIER (if any)
C1P012: Stakeholders involved
C1P012: Government/Public Authorities["Planning\/leading","Design\/demand aggregation","Construction\/implementation"]
C1P012: Research & Innovation["Planning\/leading","Design\/demand aggregation","Monitoring\/operation\/management"]
C1P012: Financial/Funding["Design\/demand aggregation","Construction\/implementation"]
C1P012: Analyst, ICT and Big Data["Design\/demand aggregation","Monitoring\/operation\/management"]
C1P012: Business process management["Planning\/leading"]
C1P012: Urban Services providers["Design\/demand aggregation","Monitoring\/operation\/management"]
C1P012: Real Estate developers["Construction\/implementation"]
C1P012: Design/Construction companies["Construction\/implementation"]
C1P012: End‐users/Occupants/Energy Citizens["None"]
C1P012: Social/Civil Society/NGOs["Planning\/leading","Design\/demand aggregation"]
C1P012: Industry/SME/eCommerce["Planning\/leading","Design\/demand aggregation","Construction\/implementation","Monitoring\/operation\/management"]
C1P012: Other
C1P012: Other (if any)